Colon Cancer Surgery
Radiofrequency ablation is a type of colon cancer surgery that uses a special probe with tiny electrodes that kill cancer cells. Sometimes the probe is inserted directly through the skin and only local anesthesia is needed. In other cases, the probe is inserted through an incision in the abdomen (stomach). This is done in the hospital with general anesthesia.
Cryosurgery is a treatment that uses an instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue, such as carcinoma in situ. This type of surgery is also called cryotherapy.
Colon Cancer Surgery and Other TreatmentsEven if the doctor removes all of the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery, some people may be given chemotherapy or radiation therapy afterwards to kill any cancer cells that are left. Treatment given after surgery for colon cancer to increase the chances of a cure is called adjuvant therapy.
Side Effects Associated With Surgery for Colon CancerIt takes time to heal after colon cancer surgery, and the time needed to recover is different for each person. People are often uncomfortable during the first few days. However, medicine can usually control this. Before surgery, people should discuss the plan for pain relief with their doctor or nurse. After surgery, the doctor can adjust the plan if more pain relief is needed.
It is common to feel tired or weak for a while after surgery. Also, the procedure sometimes causes constipation or diarrhea. The healthcare team will monitor the patient for signs of bleeding, infection, or other problems requiring immediate treatment.
People who have a colostomy may experience irritation of the skin around the stoma. The doctor, nurse, or enterostomal therapist can teach people how to clean the area and prevent irritation and infection.